Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences
Anna Sirina


The Evenks. Demographics (population dynamics, urban/rural population, gender and age breakdown, youth cohort)

Evenks are a Tungus-Manchu people of Siberia and the Far East. The total number of Evenks according to the 2020 All-Russian Population Census was about 39.2 thousand people (in 2010 was 37.8 thousand people). A unique phenomenon is that the Evenks, despite their small numbers, surpass all Siberian peoples in terms of the vastness of their developed territory. In 2020, about 9.1 thousand Evenks lived in the Siberian Federal District (10.2 thousand in 2010), which is approximately 23% of all the Evenks. Of these, in the Krasnoyarsk Territory (mainly in the Evenki and also in the Taimyr Dolgano-Nenets municipal districts) – 3.6 thousand people (4.4 thousand people in 2010); in Buryatia – 3 thousand people, Transbaikal Territory – 0.9 thousand people. (1.4 thousand people in 2010); in the Irkutsk region – 1.1 thousand people (1.3 thousand people in 2010 ) , in Tyumen region – 0.07 thousand people; in Tomsk region – 0.04 thousand people ( 0.1 thousand people in 2010). Most Evenks live in the Far Eastern Federal District (29.7 thousand people), which is more than 75% of the number of all Evenks. In Yakutia in 2020, 24.4 thousand people were counted ( 21 thousand people in 2010); Khabarovsk Territory – 3.7 thousand people ( 4.1 thousand people in 2010); Amur region – 1.4 thousand people ( 1.5 thousand people in 2010); Sakhalin region – 0.17 thousand people ( 0.2 thousand people in 2010); in Primorsky Krai about 0.1 thousand people. In all subjects of the Russian Federation, the Evenks constitute a minority; they live mainly in rural taiga and mountain taiga or forest-tundra and tundra areas, in multi-ethnic settlements. Evenks also live in cities: for example, in the territory of Yakutsk, the 2020 census counted 5 thousand people, in Moscow - about 0.1 thousand people.